In these verses (including also the text through Isaiah 41:20) Israel is assured of the following:
- (1) Of the FAITHFULNESS OF GOD, Isaiah 41:8,9
- (2) That they will RECEIVE STRENGTH FROM GOD, Isaiah 41:10
- (3) That WEAKNESS WILL AFFLICT THEIR ENEMIES, Isaiah 41:11,12
- (4) That GOD WILL RAISE UP AID FOR THEM, Isaiah 41:13,14
- (5) That THEIR ENEMIES SHALL BE SCATTERED, Isaiah 41:15,16
- (6) That THEY SHALL RECEIVE SPIRITUAL REFRESHMENT during their worst experiences, Isaiah 41:17-19.
This long chain of promises (future verbs) is characteristically anchored in the facts (present and past), a pledged relationship, and an irrevocable choice and call.
Jacob is called a worm’ in Isaiah 41:14; andmen’ should perhaps be rendered `lice’ in the same passage.
It is believed that such derogatory words represent, not God’s opinion of Israel, but their discouraged and pitiful opinion of themselves during the times that lay ahead of them.
There is another term in Isaiah 41:14, namely, REDEEMER, that has been seized upon by some as indicating a new author for this part of Isaiah.
Yes, it is true that this word, from Leviticus 25:47-54 is a technical word found a number of times in the Old Testament.
A man’s [go’el] was his next of kin; and in case a man sold himself into captivity, his redeemer’ or [go’el] was under obligation to purchase his freedom.
Isaiah 41:8 in this paragraph is the first mention of the momentous figure of Servant of the Lord, ‘the Servant’ here being the believing nation of Israel as opposed to the Gentiles.
Even though no exiled nation had ever before in history been brought back to start life anew in their former homeland, God here promises to bring about such a seeming impossibility.
The Old Israel being most certainly a type of the True Israel, as extensively indicated in the Book of Jonah.
The primary reference here is not the antitype but the type.
The Greater Israel, under the figure of the Suffering Servant, will be more prominent in later chapters of Isaiah.