PROVERBS – ALEXANDER SCOURBY


The book of Proverbs bears the inspired title: “Proverbs of Solomon, son of David” (chapter 1:1). Solomon is also mentioned as poet in chap. 10:1 and 25:1.

Only around a thousand of Solomon’s proverbs are collected in the book of Proverbs and were maintained by divine inspiration and preservation. King Hezekiah’s men collected some of Solomon’s proverbs only 200 years later (compare Proverbs 25:1).

Solomon reigned around 970 to 931 BC and Hezekiah (in whose time many ancient things came to honour) around 716 to 687 BC. This fixes the beginning and the end of the book’s origin.

Maxims (or aphorisms) played an important part in antiquity. This is still the case in the Orient. In a time when not everybody was able to read or to write, the learning or knowledge of proverbs was a special form of instruction.

The book of Proverbs shows what the god-fearing man in this world shall seek and what he shall avoid.

The book also teaches that man irrespective of his spiritual blessings under the government of God will reap what he has sowed. It contains the advice of divine wisdom for daily life of a god-fearing man in all his difficulties, trials, dangers and joys of his way over this earth.

The fear of the Lord is the key word of this book. The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge (chap. 1:7) and of wisdom (chap. 9:10; 15:33). The fear of the Lord is to hate evil (chap. 8:13; 16:6) and it is a fountain of life (chap. 14:27; 19:23).

The book of Proverbs shows what the god-fearing man in this world shall seek and what he shall avoid. The book also teaches that man irrespective of his spiritual blessings under the government of God will reap what he has sowed. It contains the advice of divine wisdom for daily life of a god-fearing man in all his difficulties, trials, dangers and joys of his way over this earth.

The Proverbs (written by Solomon, the king of peace) also bear certain parallels to the principles of the kingdom of God as the Lord Jesus has set them forth in the so-called Sermon of the Mount in Matthew 5; Matthew 6; Matthew 7.


PROVERBS READ BY ALEXANDER SCOURBY


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The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge; fools despise wisdom and instruction.

Proverbs 1:7 RSV

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