THE GENERATIONS OF ADAM – Genesis 5

The verses of Genesis 5 relate, after the same pattern, the nine other names in this list.

We have arranged a table as follows:

There are several points of unusual interest regarding what is added concerning each of these, and some attention will be given to those statements.

“And begat sons and daughters …” This expression in Genesis 5:4, 7,10,13, 15,19, 22,26,30, regarding all ten on the list (except Noah) indicates the stripped down nature of the genealogy.

The naming of any individual was for the special purpose of establishing the line of Noah back to Adam.

Most of the sons and all of the daughters were omitted. Note also that the total number of children born to any in the list is not even mentioned.

How many children did each have?

The number could have been truly fantastic. No doubt there were many children born to each of these patriarchs prior to the particular son who was designated.

Only those who were destined to appear in the Messianic lines were singled out for identification.

“And he died …” Eight times these ominous words appear in this chapter, emphasizing the reign of death in the long antediluvian journey of Adam’s fallen race.

What a brutal lie the glib denial of Satan proved to be!

The big thing in the chapter, however, is the revelation that in spite of the universal reign of death, “the sons of God,” that is, people who responded to God’s love and honored him, were continued in the posterity of Seth.

Apparently, Eve was the first to recognize the special significance of this patriarch, through whom the Chosen People would descend, and through whom, at last, the Messiah would be born.

It is quite obvious that the Cainite descendants of Adam were “sons of the devil,” and that the Sethites were the “sons of God.”

This chapter is particularly concerned with tracing the line of the “sons of God.”

This is evident in the very names that were given: SETH means appointed or seedling; ENOSH means inquire of the Lord; MAHALALEL means praise of God; JARED means descent; ENOCH means dedicated; NOAH means rest.

Of special interest is METHUSELAH, which means he dieth and the sending forth. Thus Enoch gave it as a prophecy of the flood, Another meaning advocated by some is, “He dieth, and it is sent.”

This prophecy proved to be correct, for a calculation of the years given here indicates that Methuselah died in the flood.

“And Enoch walked with God …” The fact of his having done so only after he begat Methuselah, suggests that prior to that event he had not done so.

Many a man has held his little son in his arms and resolved upon following a godly life, and it may be supposed that Enoch did the same thing.

In any case, he was the most successful righteous man of all antiquity, because it is said that, “He was not, because God took him,” also, that “Enoch walked with God.”

The significance of this is that it signaled to mankind that salvation was indeed possible, that, in time, God would provide it, and that it ultimately included victory over death.

The O.T. states also that Noah walked with God (Genesis 6:9). “The word signifies intimate companionship (1 Samuel 25:15), and here denotes a fellowship with God morally and religiously perfect.

Based upon the expression, “He was not, for God took him,” we are to conclude that Enoch never died, but was translated into an eternal fellowship with the Creator.

“By faith Enoch was taken up so that he should not see death” (Hebrews 11:5). From these words the is conclusion that, the word take functions as a technical term for man’s translation by God to a higher existence.

This tremendously important event occurred at the half-way point between Adam and the Flood, in the 987th year after the creation of Adam.

At that point in time, Seth, Enosh, Cainan, Mahalalel and Jared were still alive, as were also Enoch’s son Methuselah, and his son Lamech, the later being 113 years of age.

The comparatively young age at which Enoch was translated was perhaps the basis of the proverb that “The good die young!”

[ELOHIYM] for God is used 29 times in this chapter, and for that reason, the source-splitters attribute the chapter to “P”, but Genesis 5:29 flatly contradicts their theory by the use of “Yahweh.”

Of course, the old reliable “redactor” is dragged in and designated as the source of this verse.

As we have repeatedly affirmed, the redactor to whom the critics frequently appeal is non-existent.

He is everybody and nobody. He is ancient and modern. He is Jewish, pagan, or Gentile. He is brilliant, he is stupid. He is learned, ignorant, careless, skillful, or anything else the critics may fancy they need to sustain a prior-conceived theory.

In short, he is neither science, learning, nor scholarship; he is fraud.

Every appeal to a “redactor” is an admission that the theory cannot stand alone, that it has broken down, and an unconscious admission of those relying upon such a device that their theory is untenable.

And Enoch lived sixty and five years, and begat Methuselah: and Enoch walked with God after he begat Methuselah three hundred years, and begat sons and daughters: and all the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty and five years: and Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him.
Genesis 5:21‭-‬24 ASV
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