And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, in whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.

Ephesians 4:30 RSV

Grieve not the Holy Spirit … Any of the sins Paul was forbidding in these verses would, of course, grieve the Holy Spirit in the heart of any Christian committing them; but the thought here seems especially directed against filthy conversation.

In addition to “grieving” the Holy Spirit, mentioned here, the New Testament reveals a number of other ways in which people may sin against the Holy Spirit:

They may lust against him (Galatians 5:16).

They may resist him (Acts 7:51).

They may lie to him (Acts 5:3).

They may try him (Acts 5:9).

They may insult him (do despite unto) (Hebrews 10:24).

They may blaspheme against him (Mark 3:29).

They may “quench” him (1 Thessalonians 5:19).

The day of redemption … This means the day of judgment in which our redemption will be completed.

But we would not have you ignorant, brethren, concerning those who are asleep, that you may not grieve as others do who have no hope.
1 Thessalonians 4:13 RSV

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