In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
He was in the beginning with God; all things were made through him, and without him was not anything made that was made.John 1:1-3 RSV
The eternal existence of the Lord Jesus Christ and his absolute identification with God and as God are unequivocally stated in the first line of this gospel; and this may be considered the theme of the whole Gospel, every word and every event of the entire narrative having been skillfully chosen by the narrator for the purpose of proving the Godhead of Jesus Christ and of persuading people to believe in him.
From this opening word to the end of the Gospel, there is not the slightest deviation from the sacred author’s intention of presenting Jesus Christ as God come in the flesh for the purpose of human redemption, and to whom every person owes the uttermost worship and devotion.
“Was the Word” The Greek word [LOGOS] from which Word is translated was widely known in the world of John’s day, being found some 1,300 times in the writings of Philo, a Hellenistic Jew of Alexandria (30 B.C. to 40 A.D.).
However, John owed nothing to Philo, who taught that the absolute purity, perfection, and loftiness of God would be violated by direct contact with imperfect, impure, and finite things.
In addition, Philo added, “God could not be conceived of as actively concerned with the multiplicity of individual things.”
Philo’s [LOGOS] had no hard identity of any kind, being called the “reason of God” in one view, and in another, “a distinct individual, or hypostasis, standing between God and man.”
Philo’s [LOGOS] did not create anything, for matter was viewed by him as eternal; and it is impossible to form any intelligent harmony out of Philo’s writings on the [LOGOS], described in the Encyclopedia Britannica as “self-contradictory.”
The Word, as applied to Jesus Christ, is found only four times in the New Testament, twice in this prologue (John 1:1,14), in 1 John 1:1, and in Revelation 19:13.
John’s use of “Word” [Greek: LOGOS] for Christ Jesus might have been suggested by Psalms 33:6, “By the word of Jehovah were the heavens made,” a passage which represents the Word of God as a person.
Whatever the source of the thought that led John to so designate Christ, it was truly inspired by the Holy Spirit and perfectly appropriate.
As Jesus stated it. “He that hath seen me hath seen the Father” (John 14:9).
“And the Word was with God” means that our Lord was intimately associated with the Father upon a parity and equality with him.
He himself was in the beginning, face to face with God. The fully divine Word, existing from all eternity as a distinct Person, was enjoying loving fellowship with the Father.
“And the Word was God” This truth might have been deduced from either of the two preceding clauses, but the apostle left nothing to chance, categorically affirming in this third clause that the Word was indeed God, a truth reaffirmed at the end of the prologue (John 1:18), and again by the apostle Thomas (John 20:28).
John’s estimate of the deity of Christ does not exceed that of other New Testament writers.
The apostle’s doctrine of the [Greek: LOGOS] is thus seen to differ from the [LOGOS] of Greek philosophy in these particulars:
(1) The New Testament [logos] is God
(2) is personal
(3) created all things, including matter
(4) became flesh and dwelt among human beings.
To presume that John got anything like that out of Philo’s [LOGOS] is like supposing that Thomas Jefferson got the Declaration of Independence out of McGuffy’s Third Reader!
On the statement here that the “Word was God,” this means that Christ was divine, and is therefore to be worshipped with the same worship as is due the Father.
Other New Testament passages which attribute the creation of the universe to Jesus Christ are as follows:
For in him were all things created, in the heavens and upon the earth, things visible and things invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers; all things have been created through him, and unto him; and he is before all things, and in him all things consist.(Colossians 1:16-17)
Yet to us there is one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we unto him; and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and we through him.(1 Corinthians 8:6)
(God hath) spoken unto us in his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, through whom also he made the worlds … (And of the Son he saith) Thou Lord, in the beginning didst lay the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the works of thy hands.(Hebrews 1:2,10)
Some seek to make a point of the fact that creation is not directly attributed to Jesus in the synoptics, claiming a “contradiction.”
The point fails in light of the fact that Matthew represented Jesus as having twelve legions of angels, that is, some 75,000 angels, at his command (Matthew 26:53), quoting his words that “All authority in heaven and upon earth” were his (Matthew 28:18-20).
One wonders just how such an accumulation of power in Jesus’ hands is any less than the power of God!
Mark 5:6 represents Jesus as having authority over the entire demonic creation; Luke 10:19 plainly presents Christ as a being capable of creating all things – hence, there is no conflict.
Also, the synoptics are filled with Jesus’ promises of eternal life, which, again, is just as wonderful as creation, or even more wonderful, since the creation itself is not eternal!
Those who wish to open a conflict between John and the synoptics must do it upon other grounds than this.